In a single video clip, the YouTube celebrity Casey Neistat gets upgraded to a $21,000 initially-course non-public cabin on Emirates. “This is caviar,” he suggests, holding up a plate he requested off the complimentary, any-time-you-want-it initial-course menu. “If you do not know, caviar is fish eggs.” From an environmental standpoint, it’s extra or considerably less like getting a Hummer along a significant-velocity rail route. The video has over 71 million sights.

Mr. Neistat did not react to various messages requesting remark.

Sophia Mendelsohn, JetBlue’s head of sustainability, reported the concentrate should really not be on the motives people today fly. “Mileage-operate flights aside, most individuals are on an airline since they have to have to be,” she reported. “The climate doesn’t care if you flew on a loyalty program or not. The incremental improve in flying is dwarfed by the industry’s development across the globe.” The target alternatively really should be on reducing airlines’ per-passenger footprint, she explained, as JetBlue’s initiatives aim to do.

Moreover, airline reps and loyalty gurus all take note that much less and less miles are staying put in on air vacation, as the cost in miles of purchasing a flight has absent up continually in modern many years, and airlines are ever more providing nonflight selections for paying your miles on issues like gift cards or iPhones.

That’s all good news, according to Dr. Carmichael, the writer of the British report, but it misses the broader level. Regardless of how modest the measurable, immediate effect of more flights caused by loyalty programs, their indirect value is higher. He reported they reward folks for traveling, the worst possible one motion you can just take for climate alter. “To get any place close to the air pollution of a flight, you’d have to continuously be eating hamburgers across the Atlantic,” he reported. (You’d truly have to consume hundreds.)

Dr. Carmichael’s report really has a possibly extra considerable suggestion than restructuring loyalty courses: an “Air Miles Levy,” or flight tax dependent on how substantially an particular person has flown in the very last, say, a few decades. It is, in essence, the reverse of a regular-flier application: the far more you fly, the better the penalty. He thinks the evaluate would have solid public support, as the taxes would fall almost solely on a tiny percentage of persons. “Families would not be penalized for an once-a-year vacation in the solar,” the report suggests.

Just one exceptional spot of agreement is that repeated flier packages can be tweaked to promote environmentally aware habits. “I believe it is important we handle this local weather crisis,” said Iain Pringle, an skilled with New Entire world Loyalty, a consultancy. “But I believe that loyalty systems are becoming noticed as a device for negative when in fact I imagine it could be a tool for excellent, and it’s in everyone’s fascination to have them be a device for great.”

What that may possibly appear like could fluctuate — Ms. Mendelsohn notes that users of JetBlue’s program can invest TrueBlue points on carbon offsets when they fly, a slight stage. Dr. Carmichael would like airlines to prohibit shoppers from utilizing their rewards points on traveling and alternatively limit them to low-carbon merchandise and services like e-bikes and gym memberships.

Seth Kugel is a vacation writer and the author of “Rediscovering Vacation: A Tutorial for the Globally Curious,” now out in paperback.

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